Get Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and PDF
By John Burnham
Expertise calls for uniformity from people who come across it. humans encountering know-how, even if, range from each other. Thinkers within the early 20th century, looking at the bleak results of interactions among people and machines—death by means of autos or dismemberment by means of manufacturing unit equipment, for example—developed the assumption of coincidence proneness: the tendency of a specific individual to have extra injuries than most folks. In tracing this idea from its beginning to its disappearance on the finish of the 20 th century, twist of fate providers bargains a distinct heritage of know-how concentrated now not on strategies yet on their accidental consequences.Here, John C. Burnham indicates that because the laptop period improved, the actual and fiscal impression of injuries coevolved with the increase of the assurance and traits in twentieth-century psychology. After international struggle I, psychologists made up our minds that a few everyone is extra coincidence companies than others. This designation signaled a shift in social approach towards minimizing injuries via diverting specific humans clear of harmful environments. through the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies, in spite of the fact that, the assumption of twist of fate proneness steadily declined, and engineers constructed new applied sciences to guard every body, thereby introducing a hidden, yet radical, egalitarianism. mendacity on the intersection of the historical past of expertise, the background of drugs and psychology, and environmental heritage, twist of fate providers is an bold highbrow research of the start, development, and decline of an idea that might curiosity somebody who needs to appreciate how Western societies have grappled with the human expenses of recent existence. (20091217)
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Additional info for Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and Misfits of the Machine Age
Many of these errors could pass for clumsiness. Others clearly were examples of actions that a person could not control and of which the person often was not conscious. Educators wanted to eliminate such errors from pupil performance. Industrial managers deplored the effect of errors that spoiled goods in production. Even before errors in personal typewriting (mentioned above as a subject of psychological investigation), typographical errors in the press were the subject of humor in publications devoted to the humorous—in which the clumsiness or lack of control of a person produced a comic result.
And there was something else—beyond a positive function—that differentiated accident proneness from clumsiness. ” Accident proneness, by contrast, was a hidden attribute. In a group of people, no one could immediately pick out the ones who were accident prone—as one could soon detect someone whose movements were clumsy. Even over a period of time, at most one could identify a person who repeatedly had accidents as someone who suffered bad luck, an afﬂiction that came from outside the person’s identity.
Safety crusaders could point to successes. clu msiness But what if there were people who were different, particularly those who were different through nature, that is, through no fault of their own? And part of their nature was, unlike that of most people (who could choose normality or non-deviance), not to be able to respond to safety campaigns and, rather, to persist in having accidents? 21 22 ch a p t er 1 Traditionally such people were not blameworthy when they did not pay attention or when they could not carry out a task properly.
Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and Misfits of the Machine Age by John Burnham