Download PDF by Geoff Layton: Access to History. From Second Reich to Third Reich Germany
By Geoff Layton
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The checklist of then fifty-one German airship and fifty-two plane bombing raids on England throughout the nice battle within which 280 a whole bunch bombs have been dropped. Casualties amounted to 1,413 killed, and 3,408 wounded. This account is the 1st entire checklist of the raids, which additionally explains the origins and improvement of the German air bombing crusade over Britain, and the way it was once countered.
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The Fw two hundred Condor first made an visual appeal over Norway in April 1940, flying with the unit that at last develop into synonymous with it: Kampfgeschwader forty. because the battle within the west improved and German forces complex, French airfields unfolded, permitting the Condor to fly round the uk and out into the Atlantic, the place it swiftly verified itself as one of many key menaces to Allied transport.
Extra info for Access to History. From Second Reich to Third Reich Germany 1918-45 for Edexcel
National Assembly ﬁrst meeting at Weimar: 6 February 1919 The Weimar Constitution was adopted by the National Assembly: 31 July 1919 Key terms Weimar Constitution signed by President Ebert: 11 August 1919 Constitution The principles and rules that govern a state. The Weimar Constitution is a good example. (Britain is often described as having an unwritten constitution. ) Proportional representation A system that allocates parliamentary seats in proportion to the total number of votes. Federal structure Where power and responsibilities are shared between central and regional governments, for example, the USA.
It should be borne in mind that: The signiﬁcance of the Treaty of Versailles The historical signiﬁcance of the Treaty of Versailles goes well beyond the debate over its fairness. It raises the important issue of its impact upon the Weimar Republic and whether it acted as a serious handicap to the establishment of long-term political stability in Germany. The economic consequences of reparations were undoubtedly a genuine concern. The English economist, Keynes, feared in 1919 that the reparations would fundamentally weaken the economy of Germany with consequences for the whole of Europe.
League of Nations The international body initiated by President Wilson to encourage disarmament and to prevent war. Buffer state The general idea of separating two rival countries by leaving a space between them. Clemenceau believed that the long-established Franco-German military aggression could be brought to an end by establishing an independent Rhineland state (though this was not implemented because Wilson saw it as against the principle of selfdetermination). Key question What were the signiﬁcant terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Access to History. From Second Reich to Third Reich Germany 1918-45 for Edexcel by Geoff Layton