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Download e-book for kindle: A Sanskrit Grammar by Manfred Mayrhofer

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By Manfred Mayrhofer

ISBN-10: 0817312854

ISBN-13: 9780817312855

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Gaua iluna da, eguna ez. 5. Gaur egun iluna da. dear, beloved cheap good pretty bad small, little old white Introduction; Orthography and Pronunciation; the Basque Noun Phrase 6. Emakumeak politak dira, baina gizonak itsusiak. 7. Apaiza eta ijitoa adiskideak dira. 8. Nor da hemen nagusia? 9. Etxe asko zuriak dira. 10. Apaizak eta sorginak ez dira etsaiak. 11. Gona gorria ez da itsusia. 12. Sagar zaharrak merkeak dira hemen, baina kafe ona oso garestia. 2 Translate into Basque 1. The red wine is good.

With the noun aldi ‘time’: lehen aldia bigarren aldia hirugarren aldia laugarren aldia bosgarren aldia hogeita batgarren aldia azken aldia the the the the the the the first time second time third time fourth time fifth time twenty-first time last time Note the elision of t in bosgarren (pronounced: boskarren), and observe that, although batgarren does not exist, hogeita batgarren (pronounced hogeitabakarren) does; likewise berrogeita batgarren, hirurogeita batgarren, and so on. Instead of a full noun, a zero pronoun may occur, in which event the article directly follows the ordinal: lehena bigarrena the first (one) the second (one) More about the Basque Noun Phrase hirugarrena laugarrena azkena 29 the third (one) the fourth (one) the last (one) As lehena can also mean ‘the former one’ and azkena ‘the end’, nonambiguous forms are sometimes preferred: lehenengoa (or lehenbizikoa) and azkenengoa.

In the Basque translation apaiz zahar onari, the dative ending appears but once, at the very end of the noun phrase. This example also points to another di¤erence between Basque and Latin. The morphology of Latin case marking is by no means uniform. There are no less than five declension types called ‘‘declensions,’’ resulting in quite di¤erent forms for the same case value. In our example, the adjectives senex ‘old’ and bonus ‘good’ belong to di¤erent declensions, so that the dative form of senex ends in -i and that of bonus in -o.

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A Sanskrit Grammar by Manfred Mayrhofer


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