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By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
The rice belt of Laguna Province, Philippines (popularly referred to as the heartland of the fairway Revolution, for its early adoption of recent rice varieties), has skilled dramatic financial and social adjustments over the past 3 a long time. in addition to the foremost advances in new rice expertise, 4 significant forces have triggered switch: expanding inhabitants strain on constrained land, implementation of land reform programmes, advancements in infrastructure resembling irrigation and roads, and penetration of city monetary actions. a distinct info set generated from 11 surveys in the course of 1966-97 in a standard village in Laguna, as prepare during this ebook, illustrates a development of socio-economic swap shared by means of many irrigated rice parts within the Philippines in addition to in different Asian economies.
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Additional resources for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
Under such conditions photosensitivity in traditional varieties was a real blessing to farmers. Although rice yields were low, less than two tons per hectare in paddy terms, since labour input was also low, output per hour of labour would not have been low. We have no clue to gauge how population and rice production grew in the first three to four decades after the initial settlement. According to our family reconstitution, fifty-two inhabitants in East Laguna Village, as enumerated by the 1918 National Census, was a fairly reliable estimate.
Many landlords in this area were the descendants of the Spanish conquerors who established Chronology of the Village 25 legal claims on large tracts of uncultivated land outside the communal possessions of native tribes. Over time their estates were subdivided progressively through inheritance. Meanwhile, the Spaniards intermarried with local chiefs who established private property rights on communal lands as well as with Chinese traders who accumulated land through land-pawning arrangements. Over time these groups fused to form a landowning elite class.
Also, because the Masagana loans were so easily restructured, farmers tended to consider the loans as being a gift from the government instead of a credit to be repaid. In fact, in the initial stage of this programme, the government made banks take cash to villages to distribute credits to farmers – the so-called ‘mobile banks’. After seeing bank officers handing out cash so freely, it was natural that farmers felt that they were distributing gifts rather than credits, and anticipated no obligation of repayment.
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi