System Theory

Download e-book for kindle: A Crude Look at the Whole: The Science of Complex Systems in by John H. Miller

Posted On April 18, 2018 at 12:34 pm by / Comments Off on Download e-book for kindle: A Crude Look at the Whole: The Science of Complex Systems in by John H. Miller

By John H. Miller

ISBN-10: 0465055699

ISBN-13: 9780465055692

Imagine attempting to comprehend a stained glass window through breaking it into items and studying it one shard at a time. once you may most likely study much approximately every piece, you are going to don't know approximately what the full photograph appears like. this is often reductionism—the concept that to appreciate the realm we in simple terms have to research its pieces—and it's how so much social scientists procedure their work.

In A Crude examine the Whole, social scientist and economist John H. Miller indicates why we have to commence taking a look at complete photos. For something, even if we're conversing approximately inventory markets, laptop networks, or organic organisms, person elements merely make feel after we do not forget that they're a part of better wholes. and maybe extra importantly, these wholes can tackle behaviors which are strikingly assorted from that in their pieces.
Miller, a number one professional within the computational research of advanced adaptive structures, finds wonderful worldwide styles linking the association of differently noticeably assorted constructions: it will probably look crude, yet a beehive’s temperature keep watch over procedure can assist expect industry fluctuations and a mammal’s heartbeat might help us comprehend the “heartbeat” of a urban and adapt city making plans hence. From enduring racial segregation to unexpected inventory marketplace failures, after we commence drawing hyperlinks among advanced platforms, we will be able to begin fixing what in a different way will be completely intractable problems.

Thanks to this innovative standpoint, we will ultimately go beyond the bounds of reductionism and notice the most important new principles. Scientifically based and fantastically written, A Crude examine the Whole is a robust exploration of the demanding situations that we are facing as a society. because it unearths, taking the crude glance can be the one strategy to actually see.

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Additional resources for A Crude Look at the Whole: The Science of Complex Systems in Business, Life, and Society

Sample text

Thus, if we can fully understand atoms, we will then understand chemistry, as chemistry just studies collections of atoms, and from there we will know biology, as it relies on chemistry, and on and on. Similarly, in social systems, if we can understand a neuron, we will understand the brain, and thus know individual decision making, which allows us to understand group decision making, which gives us deep knowledge of governments and firms, and ultimately a full understanding of economics, politics, and society at large.

By its very nature, emergent behavior is easy to anticipate but hard to predict. Sometimes emergence coincides with our needs. Markets may create prices that transmit a vast array of critical information, resulting in the allocation of goods and services to their best use. At other times emergence works against us. The same markets may inadvertently start to feed on one another, creating a sequence of crashes and altered expectations that cripple a world economy and impact the lives of billions for years.

That is, even if we can study and know the world’s simplest components, that does not imply that we will understand everything just because the world is constructed from these components. Indeed, to reconstruct the world we have to have a theory of how components, once put together, interact. There is an old Sufi adage that even if you understand the number 1 and know that 1 and 1 make 2, you don’t understand 2 until you know what “and” means. Take the letters on this page. Each letter is composed of a few hundred dots per inch in careful relation to one another.

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A Crude Look at the Whole: The Science of Complex Systems in Business, Life, and Society by John H. Miller

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